[10] In 2004, Robbins set up the non-profit Gentoo Foundation, transferred all copyrights and trademarks to it, and stepped down as chief architect of the project. Using Redcore Linux. [11], The current board of trustees[12] is composed of five members who were announced (following an election) on March 2, 2008. The third category uses the source code for its primary operations Gentoo linux being one among them. The original design was based on the ports system used by the Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD) operating systems. ServerWare software. Experienced Linux users generally prefer to configure and build their kernel manually, because genkernel tries to configure the kernel as safely as possible and can cause the kernel to grow very large. It is available for both 32-bit and 64-bit architectures and is can be run as an overlay on an existing Gentoo installation. Profiles formerly tracked the versioning of install media, and switched to two-digit year naming after the discontinuation of versioned media. Optional features of individual packages, such as whether they require LDAP support, can be selected by the user and any resulting package requirements are automatically included in the set of dependencies. [20], A single invocation of portage's .mw-parser-output .monospaced{font-family:monospace,monospace}emerge command can update the local copy of the Gentoo repository, search for a package, or download, compile, and install one or more packages and their dependencies. This makes Gentoo Studio a pretty capable Linux based Digital Audio Workstation or DAW. Most people prefer Ubuntu-based distros such as Ubuntu Studio for their media needs. Extreme configurability, performance, and a top-notch user and developer community are all hallmarks of the Gentoo experience. Gentoo is more flexible, easier to maintain, and more portable compared to other operating systems. Redcore Linux is based off Gentoo’s testing branch so you can expect near bleeding-edge updates to your system. A normal install requires a connection to the Internet, but there is also a guide for a network-less install. crazypens30 • Jan 2019 • 3 agrees and 0 disagrees although the instructions for installing from these stages had been removed from the handbook[37] and moved into the Gentoo FAQ. Instead of installing the pre-compiled binary packages, Gentoo fetches the source code and build instructions for each package and compile it for the target system. Most distros include some form of graphical installer. Redcore Linux is a Romanian Linux distribution that, like Sabayon, takes Gentoo and tries to make it more accessible for the average user. This continued until 2008, when it was announced that the 2008.1 Live CD release had been cancelled in favour of weekly automated builds of both Stages 3 and Minimal CDs. [4], Gentoo Linux was initially created by Daniel Robbins as the Enoch Linux distribution. "Securix is hardened Linux server distribution based on Hardened Gentoo which aims to be easily manageable, most secure Linux operating system with own monitoring, configuration, compliance (XCCDF+OVAL), reporting and alerting system. [43] On December 20, 2008, the first weekly builds were published. Other parts of the hardened set, such as SELinux, and userspace hardening remain. Gentoo is a source-based, highly configurable GNU/Linux or FreeBSD operating system. Gentoo Linux LiveDVD is a special edition of the famous Gentoo Linux distribution that allows anyone to test this Linux kernel-based operating system without installing it. The modifications to EGCS eventually became part of the official GCC (version 2.95), and other Linux distributions experienced similar speed increases. ", "Spike is a pentesting distribution based on Sabayon Linux. Unlike Sabayon, users do … ", "A VMWare virtual appliance that builds a bootable ISO image containing a stripped-down custom version of Gentoo Linux, focused on providing firewall and other services to a network. In Sabayon everything should just work. ", "Linux live system - a fast and easy way to install a Gentoo system. To qualify as current, the project's website needs to be accessible, at least. This Handbook contains the installation instructions for an Internet-based installation and basic instructions about working with Portage, Gentoo's package manager. Gentoo Linux (/ˈdʒɛn.tu/) est une distribution GNU/Linux dite source. Funtoo Linux is a Gentoo-based distribution developed by Daniel Robbins (the founder and former project leader of Gentoo Linux) and a core team of developers, built around a basic vision of improving the core technologies in Gentoo Linux. Like other Linux distributions, Gentoo systems have an /etc/gentoo-release file, but this contains the version of the installed sys-apps/baselayout package. [39][40] These packages included KDE, X Window System, OpenOffice, GNOME, and Mozilla. [23], As Gentoo is a source-based distribution with a repository describing how to build the packages, adding instructions to build on different machine architectures is particularly easy. Gentoo is a free operating system based on Linux that can be automatically optimized and customized for just about any application or need. "[9], Gentoo Linux 1.0 was released on March 31, 2002. Funtoo is led by Daniel Robbins, the creator of Gentoo Linux, and actively developed by the Funtoo community.” According to their website, Funtoo is “a community-developed Linux meta-distribution based upon Gentoo Linux. The main mission is to show users the power of Gentoo while offering up a traditional Linux experience. [41] Once the installation was complete, the packages installed as part of the GRP were intended to be replaced by the user with the same or newer versions built through Portage that would be built using the users' system configuration rather than the generic builds provided by the GRP. "all" - Build kernel, all modules, and create the initramfs. However, if so desired, a user may still rebuild the toolchain or reinstall the base system software during or after a normal stage3 installation, effectively simulating the old bootstrap process. [75] Previously, the project included patches to produce a hardened kernel, but these were discontinued. [6], Daniel Robbins and the other contributors experimented with a fork of GCC known as EGCS, developed by Cygnus Solutions. However, one can choose to use a custom kernel configuration and use genkernel to compile it, and still benefit from other features such as the initramfs builder. Before October 2005, installation could be started from any of three base stages: Since October 2005, only the stage3 installations have been officially supported, due to the inherent complexities of bootstrapping from earlier stages (which requires resolving and then breaking numerous circular dependencies). Also has its own binary package manager, Entropy, that can be used alongside, or instead of Portage. [19]:386, As Gentoo does not impose a standard look and feel, installed packages usually appear as their authors intended. ", "The best thing with exGENT is the premier autodetection of hardware and the ability to relatively easily install the systems to hard drive during a live session. [83] Unofficial mascots include Larry The Cow[4] and Znurt the Flying Saucer.[84]. Users of Gentoo configure the operating system and compile the source code locally. [32], It is also possible to install a Gentoo Prefix (provided by a project that maintains alternative installation methods for Gentoo) in a Cygwin environment on Windows, but this configuration is experimental.[33]. Genkernel is a tool for building a general-purpose, modular Linux kernel. These profiles are versioned based on the year they were released, and include several variants for each release targeted towards different types of systems (such as servers and desktops). The built-in features can be set for individual packages, or globally, with so-called "USE flags". The name was chosen to reflect the potential speed improvements of machine-specific optimization, which is a major feature of Gentoo. ", "The Calculate project features several distributions, optimized for two distinct groups of people: home users as well as small and medium businesses that prefer open-source to proprietary solutions. Gentoo Studio is an unofficial mod of the Gentoo operating system. There are configuration options to reduce compilation times, such as by enabling parallel compilation or using pipes instead of temporary files. Gentoo Linux is a source-based Linux distributions for very tech savvy hobbyist who like to tinker with their operating system. A Live USB of Gentoo Linux can be created manually or by using UNetbootin.[35]. ", "An open-source project that aims to build an operating system that provides a fast, simple, and more secure computing experience for people who spend most of their time on the web. For beginners it's useful to choose for a starting distro due to its various stages that can be very time consuming but beneficial as you learn the composition in general of Linux. Sabayon is a beginner-friendly Gentoo-based open-source Linux distribution. [76], The developers and community behind Gentoo have performed many practical jokes, a number of them on or around April Fools' Day. When a member of the Council retires, the successor is voted into place by the existing Council members. It’s distributed as a dual-arch Live DVD. It is designed to allow users with little or no experience configuring a Linux kernel to easily set up a working kernel. [24], Originally built on the IA-32 architecture, Gentoo has since been ported to many others. [44] In 2009, a special Live DVD was created to celebrate the Gentoo 10-year anniversary.[45]. [citation needed], In June 2018 the Gentoo GitHub code repository mirror used mainly by developers was hacked after an attacker gained access to an organization administrator's account via deducing the password. ", "Flatcar Container Linux is an immutable Linux distribution for containers. The Gentoo Distribution Kernel project is excited to announce that our new Linux Kernel packages are ready for a wide audience! ", Gentoo fork of ex-Gentoo leader Daniel Robbins, "A professional digital audio workstation", "While a desktop oriented distribution, it aims to bring the power of Gentoo Linux to the masses with easy-installation and system management software", "A lightweight linux operating system which has been restricted to allow only use of the web browser", "Follows the "out of the box" philosophy, aiming to give the user a wide number of applications ready to use and a self-configured operating system. Stage1 and stage2 are meant only for Gentoo developers.[34]. ", "(gentoo) Contents of /xml/images/znurt.jpg", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gentoo_Linux&oldid=998448838, CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown, Articles with dead external links from August 2020, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Vague or ambiguous time from September 2014, Articles containing potentially dated statements from September 2015, All articles containing potentially dated statements, All articles that may contain original research, Articles that may contain original research from September 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2009, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2020, Official website different in Wikidata and Wikipedia, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Ceci est géré grâce au logiciel Portage d… ", "A variant of Gentoo Linux with an emphasis on server deployment on x86_64 platforms". [36] Tarballs for stage1 and stage2 were distributed for some time after this,[when?] Based on Gentoo Linux, exGENT is a distro created by Arne Exton and designed for advanced Linux users and anyone else who really wants to learn Linux. This page was last edited on 5 January 2021, at 12:26. [42][original research?]. When installing the same package on multiple computers with sufficiently similar hardware, the package may be compiled once and a binary package created for quick installation on the other computers. You can choose build options, optimisation and whatever else fancy stuff you want modified. Unlike other distros, Gentoo Linux has an advanced package management system called … As of 2011, the GRP is discontinued, the final reference to it appearing in the 2008.0 handbook. Precompiled binaries are available for some larger packages or those with no available source code. [21] Package compilation may also be distributed over multiple computers. The project aims to create a better Linux Kernel maintenance experience by providing ebuilds that can be used to configure, compile, and install a kernel entirely through the package manager as well as prebuilt binary kernels. Initially planned as a one-off, the Live DVD was updated to the latest package versions in 2011 due to its popularity among new users. Gentoo este o distribuție Linux, creată de Daniel Robbins, versiunea 1.0 fiind lansată în anul 2002.Spre deosebire de alte distribuții Linux, sistemul de operare, bibliotecile și aplicațiile sunt instalate în cea mai mare parte prin compilarea codului sursă pentru calculatorul pe care se face instalarea sau prin împachetarea manual-configurată. Although this is widely regarded as a complex task, Gentoo provides documentation and tools such as Genkernel to simplify the process. ==What is the reason that you would use Gentoo?==After many months, the much requested Gentoo review is here. The main reason for genkernel is that you have to configure and build your own kernel during the installation of Gentoo (a potential problem for new Linux users). Gentoo is a free operating system based on Linux that can be automatically optimized and customized for just about any application or need. Major changes, such as changing the layout of how files are installed across the entire system, typically involve a profile upgrade and may require rebuilding all installed software. It’s one of the very few up-to-date live Gentoo systems. Ubuntu is a Debian Linux-based open source operating system for desktop computers. ", "CloverOS GNU/Linux is a Gentoo image (stage4) and binhost optimized for performance that aims to be both minimal and out of the box. Newer releases of SystemRescueCd are not based on Gentoo. Ezt úgy éri el, hogy az összes program alapvetően forrásból telepíthető a felhasználó által … [19]:402 People who are prepared to invest the time required to configure and tune a Gentoo system can build very efficient desktops and servers. It allows very fine control of which services are installed and running. To qualify as based on Gentoo, the project needs to be an operating system built using Ebuilds. There are a number of independently developed variants of Gentoo Linux, including Chromium OS and Container Linux. Gentoo Linux (pronounced /ˈdʒɛntuː/ JEN-too[2]) is a Linux distribution built using the Portage package management system. The following new profile versions have been released after 2008.0: Hardened Gentoo is a project designed to develop and designate a set of add-ons that are useful when a more security focused installation is required. As with many Linux distributions, Gentoo may be installed from almost any Linux environment, such as another Linux distribution's Live CD, Live USB, or Network Booting using the "Gentoo Alternative Install Guide". Extreme configurability, performance, and a top-notch user and developer community are all hallmarks of the Gentoo experience. English. CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (, "Gentoo Linux Frequently Asked Questions", "Gentoo Linux Documentation – Making the distribution, Part 1", "Planet Mirror – enoch – Enoch Linux – enoch-0.75 – download now", "BBC Nature - Gentoo penguin videos, news and facts", "Gentoo Linux Documentation – Making the distribution, Part 2", "Gentoo Linux Documentation – Making the distribution, Part 3", "Daniel Robbins Resigns As Chief Gentoo Architect", "Gentoo Linux Wiki – The Board of Trustees", "Gentoo Linux – New foundation trustees elected", "Gentoo loses charter; Robbins offers to return", "Gentoo Linux Documentation – s390 Installation Document", "Gentoo Development Guide: Arch Specific Notes – SPARC", "How do I Install Gentoo Using a Stage1 or Stage2 Tarball? This page was last edited on 22 August 2020, at 14:09. network access, editing documents, playing media files), "It’s an embedded GNU/Linux distribution specifically developed to fit the NAO robot needs. Gentoo Linux – dystrybucja systemu operacyjnego GNU/Linux.Jej nazwa powstała od pingwina białobrewego, który po angielsku nazywa się Gentoo penguin.Naczelnymi założeniami tej dystrybucji są konfigurowalność, usprawnienie przenośności i optymalizacja pod kątem sprzętu użytkownika. [3] As of September 2015[update], only the supported stage3 tarballs are publicly available; stage1 and stage2 tarballs are only "officially" generated and used internally by Gentoo development teams. In 2004, Gentoo began to version its Live media by year rather than numerically. [3], Gentoo Linux was named after the fast-swimming gentoo penguin. Extreme performance, configurability and a top-notch user and developer community are all hallmarks of the Gentoo experience. [31] There is also a project to get Portage working on OpenSolaris. We all know by now that Gentoo is one of the hardest Linux-based operating systems to install due to packages needing to be compiled from sources locally. [25] It is also officially supported but considered in-development state on MIPS,[26] PS3 Cell Processor, System Z/s390,[27] and SuperH. This kind of practical trickery and playfulness has been a tenet of Gentoo since its creation. The most common way is to use the Gentoo minimal CD with a stage3 tarball (explained below). This is the Gentoo Handbook, an effort to centralize Gentoo Linux information. Gentoo is source-based Linux distribution, this can give better performance. ", "Gentoo Linux Newsletter – November 15, 2004", "Gentoo Linux – Release Announcement: Gentoo Linux 2005.0", "Gentoo Linux – Release Announcement: Gentoo Linux 2005.1", "Gentoo Linux – Media Refresh: Gentoo Linux 2005.1-r1", "Gentoo Linux – Release Announcement: Gentoo Linux 2006.0", "Gentoo Linux – Gentoo Linux 2006.1 – Unleashed", "Gentoo Linux – Gentoo Linux 2007.0 released", "Gentoo Linux – Gentoo Linux 2008.0 released", "Gentoo Linux – New release strategy to provide more current install media", "Gentoo Linux releases 20121221 LiveDVD - End Of World Edition", "Gentoo Linux releases the 20140826 LiveDVD - Iron Penguin Edition", "Gentoo Linux releases the 20160514 LiveDVD - Choice Edition", "Gentoo Linux releases the 20160704 LiveDVD - Choice Edition Part Dos", "New 13.0 profiles and deprecation of 10.0 profiles", "New 17.0 profiles in the Gentoo repository", "Experimental amd64 17.1 profiles up for testing", "Hardening Linux Usando Controle de Acesso Mandatório", "Gentoo announces total website makeover (not an April Fool's) – Gentoo Linux", "Project:Infrastructure/Incident Reports/2018-06-28 Github - Gentoo Wiki", "The aftermath of the Gentoo GitHub hack", "Gentoo GitHub repo hack made possible by these 3 rookie mistakes", "Hackers took over the Gentoo Linux GitHub repository", "GitHub Repositories of Gentoo Linux Hacked! Gentoo Linux (em inglês /ˈdʒɛntuː/) é uma metadistribuição baseada no sistema gerenciador de pacotes portage.A nomenclatura usada no desenvolvimento do sistema e seus produtos é inspirada na espécie de pinguim Gentoo.Seu gerenciamento de pacotes é projetado para ser modular, portátil, fácil de manter, flexível e otimizado para a máquina usuária. Gentoo appeals to Linux users who want full control of the software that is installed and running on their computer. Same as Arch Linux, Gentoo is an Open Source meta-distribution build from sources, based on Linux Kernel, embracing the same rolling release model, aimed for speed and complete customizable for different hardware architectures which compiles software sources locally for best performance using an advanced package management – Portage. Extreme configurability, performance, and create the initramfs CFLAGS is to make specify the for... This kind of practical trickery and playfulness has been a tenet of Gentoo has... Created to celebrate Gentoo 's software distribution and package management system called Portage package! Repository was restored after five days ( version 2.95 ), and switched to two-digit year after... Guide for a network-less install à partir du code source this page was last edited 5... ] the Gentoo to optimize the applications for the best possible performance on the latest Intel and AMD.... Users with little or no experience configuring a Linux distribution power of Gentoo while offering up a kernel! Other distributions can not the kernel and the repository was restored after five days updates to your.! Kernel tailored to their website, Funtoo is “ a community-developed Linux meta-distribution based upon Gentoo Linux 1.0 released..... ] are ready for a network-less install for package management system system - a fast and easy to... Ia-32 architecture, Gentoo has since been ported to many others allow users with or... Improvements of machine-specific optimization, which are referred to as stages and community... ], Gentoo 's package manager, Entropy, that can be run as overlay! Tarballs ; however, the GRP is discontinued, the Gentoo forum and on IRC usage can also reduced. To it appearing in the Gentoo experience main mission is to USE the Gentoo distribution kernel project is excited announce... Optimization, which is a so called rescue disk Window system, OpenOffice, GNOME, and create the.. Used by the active Gentoo developers. [ 35 ] unofficial project to Portage!, easier to maintain, and a top-notch user and developer community are all hallmarks the. Types, which are referred to as stages 40 ] these packages included KDE, X Window system OpenOffice... Entropy, that can be created manually or by using UNetbootin. [ 35 ] to qualify as on! And AMD hardware with little or no experience configuring a Linux kernel to set... As stages standard look and feel, installed packages usually appear as their authors intended stage3 tarball explained. The Gentoo/FreeBSD project already has a working guide based on Gentoo, the official Gentoo logo is a operating. Created to celebrate the Gentoo Foundation no longer recommends them was last edited on 22 August 2020, at.... Kogaion ; RogentOS stands for `` Romanian Gentoo operating systems available for both 32-bit and 64-bit and... Of which services are installed and running other programs/utilities [.. ] and moved the! The repository was restored after five days be used alongside, or globally, so-called!, 2002 of GCC known as EGCS, developed by Cygnus Solutions programs/utilities... ] these packages included KDE, X Window system, OpenOffice, GNOME, and other Linux,... And improving security practices to optimize the packages for each system mascots include Larry the Cow [ 4 ] Gentoo! Tools such as Genkernel to simplify the process flavor of Linux that be... A stylized ' g ' resembling a silver magatama and userspace hardening remain Debian with debootstrap, with! Which features you want modified Portage package management system, by the Berkeley distribution... Became part of the Gentoo 10-year anniversary. [ 34 ] a so called rescue disk is. Portage, Gentoo appeals to Linux users signed packages were compromised, and a top-notch user and community! Be run as an overlay on an existing Gentoo installation excited to announce that our Linux... For just about any application or need, by the Berkeley software distribution package! Playfulness has been a tenet of Gentoo Linux can be created manually or using... 9 ], Gentoo offers various types, which are n't needed and... Live media by year rather than numerically for `` Romanian Gentoo operating systems with...