Population Explosion in West Bengal: A Survey", "The National Register of Citizens and India's commitment deficit to international law", "Leave in 15 days, BJP MPs tell illegal immigrants in Assam", "Assam NRC: What next for 1.9 million 'stateless' Indians? Ahoms ruled for nearly 600 years (1228–1826 CE) with major expansions in the early 16th century at the cost of Chutia and Dimasa Kachari kingdoms. It increased to 14.63 million in 1971 and 22.41 million in 1991. The problem is exacerbated by the growth in the number of technical institutes in Assam which increases the unemployed community of the State. In 2001–02, the economy grew (at 1993–94 constant prices) at 4.5%, falling to 3.4% in the next financial year. The British allowed companies to rent land from 1839 onwards. [191] The major milestones in the evolution of Assamese culture are: The modern culture has been influenced by events in the British and the post-British era. Asia's first refinery was set up at Digboi and discoverer of Digboi oilfield was the Assam Railways & Trading Company Limited (AR&T Co. Ltd.), a registered company of London in 1881. After initial trial and error with planting the Chinese and the Assamese-Chinese hybrid varieties, the planters later accepted the local Camellia assamica as the most suitable variety for Assam. The mammal diversity in the state is around 190 species.[68]. The traditional dances which form the core of the festival is now performed in out-of-village settings and are staged in a secular public sphere. Assam is perched on a precipice with extremely serious security implications for the country. Article first published on December 24, 2019. There is a high degree of bilingualism. [citation needed], According to the 2011 census, 61.47% were Hindus, 34.22% were Muslims. Suresh Kant Sharma, Usha Sharma – 2005,"Discovery of North-East India: Geography, History, Culture, ... – Volume 3", Page 248, Davaka (Nowgong) and Kamarupa as separate and submissive friendly kingdoms. [citation needed], Besides Bihu dance and Huchory performed during the Bohag Bihu, dance forms of tribal minorities such as; Kushan nritra of Rajbongshi's, Bagurumba and Bordoicikhla dance of Bodos, Mishing Bihu, Banjar Kekan performed during Chomangkan by Karbis, Jhumair of Tea-garden community are some of the major folk dances. Thekar, in the Karbi language has the largest circulation of any daily from Karbi Anglong district. The rainfall that began on July 12 has flooded the Brahmaputra, which in turn inundated around 26 districts thereby affecting more than 27.8 lakh people all across the state. Davaka was later absorbed by Kamarupa, which grew into a large kingdom that spanned from Karatoya river to near present Sadiya and covered the entire Brahmaputra valley, North Bengal, parts of Bangladesh and, at times Purnea and parts of West Bengal.[24]. Among the new generation, Zubeen Garg, Jitul Sonowal, Angaraag Mahanta and Joi Barua. According to the board, there are 1.3 crore Muslims in the state, of which 90 lakh are of Bangladeshi origin. [citation needed], Many indigenous Assamese communities households still continue to brew their traditional alcoholic beverages; examples include: Laupani, Xaaj, Paniyo, Jou, Joumai, Hor, Apang, etc. Assam has three public service broadcasting service stations at Dibrugarh, Guwahati and Silchar. In recent times, ethnically based militant groups have grown. [citation needed], The food is often served in bell metal dishes and platters like Kanhi, Maihang and so on. BJP, however claimed that only eight lakh Hindu Bangladeshis will get citizenship. At the same time towards the east in central Assam, Asura Kingdom was ruled by another Kachari line of kings.[21]. Assam’s BJP Education Minister Himanta Biswa Sarma has targeted Muslims in Assam state for years, particularly focusing on immigrants from Bangladesh. [12] Assam is home to the one-horned Indian rhinoceros, along with the wild water buffalo, pygmy hog, tiger and various species of Asiatic birds, and provides one of the last wild habitats for the Asian elephant. The industry saw initial growth, when in 1861, investors were allowed to own land in Assam and it saw substantial progress with the invention of new technologies and machinery for preparing processed tea during the 1870s. Muslims celebrate two Eids (Eid ul-Fitr and Eid al-Adha) with much eagerness all over Assam. Guwahati: Days after a Bajrang Dal leader in southern Assam’s Barak Valley threatened to beat up Hindus visiting churches on Christmas, he clarified his stance Sunday, saying the outfit may start “awareness initiatives” to dissuade people. In 2020 telde de staat naar schatting 35,6 miljoen inwoners. With varying locations it is also called Bishma or Chait-Boishne.[193]. Miles Bronson and local pundits such as Hemchandra Barua with the form available in the Sibsagar (Sivasagar) District (the ex-nerve centre of the Ahom Kingdom). Bwisagu is one of the popular seasonal festivals of the Bodos. [98] Every district is administered from a district headquarters with the office of the Deputy Commissioner, District Magistrate, Office of the District Panchayat and usually with a district court. In 1970, in response to the demands of the Khasi, Jaintia and Garo people of the Meghalaya Plateau, the districts containing the Khasi Hills, Jaintia Hills, and Garo Hills were formed into an autonomous state within Assam; in 1972 this became a separate state under the name of Meghalaya. The eastern border of Kamarupa is given by the temple of the goddess Tamreshvari (Pūrvāte Kāmarūpasya devī Dikkaravasini in, In early epics, Naraka is called a mleccha, a kirata, outside the fold of Varnasaramdharma(, "In the Battle of Itakhuli in September 1682, the Ahom forces chased the defeated Mughals nearly one hundred kilometers back to the Manas river. The decisive victory of the Assamese led by general Lachit Borphukan on the Mughals, then under command of Raja Ram Singha, in the Battle of Saraighat in 1671 almost ended Mughal ambitions in this region. Moreover, great hospitality and bamboo culture are common. Strong earthquakes were recorded in 1869, 1897, and 1950. 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